Having a migraine can cause a person to experience a severe headache for several hours or even days at a time. Both sides of the head, the temples, and even the area behind the eyes and ears are affected.
Symptoms such as seeing dots (auras) or experiencing a tingling sensation are common warning indications. In addition to a painful headache, migraine patients must contend with a variety of other symptoms.
Over a third of people who suffer from migraines have abrupt nausea and vomiting as a side effect of their condition. So, why do migraines make you nauseous?
It is possible to suffer from a variety of migraines, each of which has a distinct name:
Approximately 15 to 20 percent of migraine sufferers develop an aura, which is known as a complex migraine.
An aura isn't present when you have this form of migraine headache (often known as a "common migraine"). However, this phase does not occur despite having the same symptoms.
Silent migraine, or "acephalgic migraine," as this form of migraine is also known, involves the sensation of an aura but without the headache that often follows.
Temporary paralysis on one side of the body (hemiplegia) is a possible symptom of this migraine. If you're experiencing dizziness or visual abnormalities at the time of the beginning of the headache, you may have a transient numbness or acute weakness on one side of your body. It might contain or not involve headaches.
You may have blurred vision in one or both eyes, as well as a dull aching behind the affected eye that may radiate to other parts of your head. This loss of eyesight might persist for a few seconds or for several months.
Because it might indicate something more dangerous, you should always tell your doctor if you get a retinal migraine.
Migraine headaches that last for weeks or months: A migraine is considered chronic if it happens at least 15 days out of the month. The strength of the pain and the accompanying symptoms may fluctuate often.
Those who suffer from chronic migraines may have to take painkillers more than 10 to 15 times a month, which might contribute to headaches occurring even more often. A headache with a brainstem tingling sensation.
Symptoms of this type of migraine include vertigo, slurred speech, double vision, and loss of balance.
These symptoms are often accompanied by difficulty in speaking clearly, ringing in the ears, and vomiting, and can start rapidly.
You may have momentary, partial, or total loss of vision in one of your eyes, combined with a dull aching behind the eye that may extend to the rest of your head.
This loss of eyesight might persist for a few seconds or several months. A retinal migraine might be an indication of a more serious problem and it should always be reported to a healthcare physician.
This is an exceptionally rare and severe kind of migraine that can linger for up to three months. The pain and discomfort from the headaches and nausea might be excruciating. Migraines of this sort can be triggered by certain drugs or by the cessation or reduction of the usage of such medications.
The most common symptom of migraine is a severe headache. The sensation of a throbbing or pounding pain is a common one. In the beginning, the pain may be subtle, but as it progresses, it might become pulsing and mild, moderate, or severe in intensity.
Your headache discomfort will worsen if you don't get help right away. Headaches might affect one or both sides of your head, the front or rear of your head, or even the entire top of your head. The area surrounding the eye or temple, as well as the sinuses, jaw, and neck, may be painful for certain people.
Other symptoms of migraine headaches include:
Most migraines last approximately four hours, although severe ones might last longer. Migraine attacks can include a variety of symptoms at different points throughout the assault.
Migraine headaches have a complicated origin that is as yet unsolved. Your brain receives pain signals from nerves in your blood vessels when you experience a headache. Your brain's nerves and blood vessels get inflamed as a result of this. No one knows why your nerves behave in this manner.
What triggers a migraine?
Migraines can be triggered due to a variety of reasons. Some of the common triggers include:
Other possible triggers include:
Treatment for Headaches and Nausea
Several items can alleviate migraine-induced nausea. Among them are:
Undiagnosed and untreated migraines are common. If you suffer from migraines on a frequent basis, it's a good idea to keep a diary of your symptoms and treatments. Do not hesitate to consult your physician even if you have a previous history of headaches. If you experience any of the following signs or symptoms, you should consult a doctor or go to the hospital emergency department immediately:
A physician's advice and judgment should not be replaced or contradicted by anything in this article, which is solely for educational purposes. After speaking with your doctor, follow any medical advice you get from this site or any other source. You may always arrange an appointment with one of our doctors at Atlas if you're concerned about anything.
You may get a migraine once a year, once a week, or at any other frequency in between. The most prevalent cause is having two to four migraines each month.
Migraine sufferers are likely to be related. A family history of migraines can account for as many as four out of every five cases. There is a 50% probability that if a parent suffers from migraines, their kid will also suffer from the condition. There is a 75% chance that a child will be born with migraines if both parents suffer from the condition. A first-degree relative with migraines affects up to 80% of sufferers.
Yes, however, with children, migraines tend to be shorter and more severe.
Prior to seeing a specialist, speak with your primary care physician about your symptoms. A migraine headache diagnosis and therapy can be made with their assistance. A headache specialist may be recommended by your primary care physician, depending on the severity of your issue.
No, migraines don't cause brain injury. One or two persons out of every 100,000 people who suffer from migraines with aura have a stroke.